The Semantics of Questions

Place: Crete Summer School of Linguistics (Creteling) Time: July 16-20, 2018
Lecturer: Floris Roelofsen

Course description

Standard semantic theories identify the meaning of a sentence with its truth-conditions. This is a fruitful notion of meaning for the analysis of declarative sentences like "Mary left", but it is not suitable for the analysis of questions, like "Did Mary leave?" or "Who left?". The meaning of a question cannot be characterised in terms of its truth-conditions, because it does not make much sense to say of a question that it is true or false. Rather, a natural way to characterise the meaning of a question is in terms of the information that is needed to resolve the question. The course will provide an overview of this approach to the semantics of questions, as pursued in recent work on inquisitive semantics.

Course material

The lectures will be based on the inquisitive semantics textbook.

Some papers for further reading will also be posted (see below).

The textbook contains a number of exercises, which students are encouraged to do. They will not be discussed explicitly in class, but I’d be very happy to answer any questions about them after class.


How to model the meaning of questions? Introduction to inquisitive semantics.
Primary reading: Chapters 1-4
Additional material:

Polar questions, alternative questions, and wh-questions.
Primary reading: Chapters 5-6
Additional material:

Embedded questions and the semantics of question-embedding verbs like "know" and "wonder".
Primary reading: Chapter 8
Additional material:

Overview of how semantic theories of questions have evolved over the years.
Primary reading: Chapter 9
Additional material: